According to studies from the University of Gothenburg, regular exercise and physical activity may reduce bleeding in individuals with intracerebral hemorrhage. The importance of physical exercise in brain protection is emphasized by the experts.
The research examined information from 686 patients who had intracerebral hemorrhage treatment at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg between 2014 and 2019. It was published in the journal Stroke and Vascular Neurology. The results of a retrospective analysis are the findings. The data are unequivocal: Those who reported being physically active on a regular basis had fewer hemorrhages than those who reported being sedentary, even if causal relationships cannot be proven.
A minimum of four hours a week of physical exercise, such as walking, cycling, swimming, gardening, or dancing, was required to be considered physically active.
Adam Viktorisson is the primary author of the research and a general practitioner at Sahlgrenska University Hospital. He is a PhD candidate in clinical neuroscience at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
“We discovered that those who regularly exercise had, on average, bleeding volumes that were 50% lower when they arrived at the hospital. Though no earlier research has shown this in people, a similar correlation has previously been shown in studies on animals.
Every patient who arrives at the hospital with a suspected intracerebral hemorrhage has a brain CT scan performed. Neurosurgery can be necessary, depending on the extent of the bleeding. To treat symptoms and aid in patient rehabilitation, non-surgical techniques and drugs are often employed.
The most deadly kind of stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, may result in situations that are fatal. The amount of the bleeding influences the likelihood of serious repercussions from the hemorrhage.
Thomas Skoglund, an associate professor of neurosurgery at the University of Gothenburg and a neurosurgeon at the University Hospital, is one of the study's co-authors. “In cases of major intracerebral hemorrhages, there is a risk of increased pressure within the skull that can potentially lead to fatal outcomes,” he says.
Regardless of where they were found within the cerebral cortex, the results were important. Both the deep parts of the brain, which are often connected to high blood pressure, and the surface regions, which are linked to aging-related disorders like dementia, showed less bleeding in physically active adults.
The findings opens up possibilities for more investigation into intracerebral hemorrhages and exercise. The research is being directed by Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen, senior consultant physician at Sahlgrenska University Hospital and professor of rehabilitation medicine at the University of Gothenburg.
In her conclusion, she said, “We hope that our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of intracerebral hemorrhages and aid in the development of more effective preventive measures.”